Books

The list below contains works by different scholars from various times, we have they can enhance you understanding of Confucianism:


Analects

The Analects, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is a collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been compiled and written by Confucius’s followers. It is believed to have been written during the Warring States period (475–221 BC), and it achieved its final form during the mid-Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD). By the early Han dynasty the Analects was considered merely a “commentary” on the Five Classics, but the status of the Analects grew to be one of the central texts of Confucianism by the end of that dynasty.

Free access to full text in Chinese: https://www.gushiwen.org/guwen/lunyu.aspx


Mencius

The Mencius  is a collection of anecdotes and conversations of the Confucian thinker and philosopher Mencius on topics in moral and political philosophy, often between Mencius and the rulers of the various Warring States. Mencius was a disciple of one of the students of Zisi, a grandson of Confucius, and the Mencius records his travels and audiences with the various rulers of the Warring States period, his students, and his other contemporaries. A number of linguistic and textual clues suggest that the text was not written by Mencius himself but by his disciples, probably during the late 4th century BC.

Free access to full text in Chinese: https://so.gushiwen.org/guwen/book_11.aspx


The Great Learning

The Great Learning or Daxue was one of the “Four Books” in Confucianism. The Great Learning had come from a chapter in the Classic of Rites which formed one of the Five Classics. It consists of a short main text attributed to the teachings of Confucius and then ten commentary chapters accredited to one of Confucius’ disciples, Zengzi. The ideals of the book were supposedly Confucius’s, but the text was written after his death.

The “Four Books” were selected by the Neo-Confucian Zhu Xi during the Song Dynasty as a foundational introduction to Confucianism. Examinations for the state civil service in China came to follow his lead.

Free access to full text in Chinese: https://so.gushiwen.org/guwen/book_20.aspx


More books are coming soon, if you have any recommendations, please contact us through e-mail!

 

 

 

 

*Part of the descriptions above are cited from Wikipedia, sincerely appreciate!